NiBabel Development Changelog

NiBabel is the successor to the much-loved PyNifti package. Here we list the releases for both packages.

The full VCS changelog is available here:

Nibabel releases

Most work on NiBabel so far has been by Matthew Brett (MB), Chris Markiewicz (CM), Michael Hanke (MH), Marc-Alexandre Côté (MC), Ben Cipollini (BC), Paul McCarthy (PM), Chris Cheng (CC), Yaroslav Halchenko (YOH), Satra Ghosh (SG), Eric Larson (EL), Demian Wassermann, Stephan Gerhard and Ross Markello (RM).

References like “pr/298” refer to github pull request numbers.

5.2.0 (Monday 11 December 2023)

New feature release in the 5.2.x series.

This release requires a minimum Python of 3.8 and NumPy 1.20, and has been tested up to Python 3.12 and NumPy 1.26.

New features

  • Add generic Pointset and regularly spaced Grid data structures in preparation for coordinate transformation and resampling (pr/1251) (CM, reviewed by Oscar Esteban)


  • Add copy() method to ArrayProxy (pr/1255) (CM, reviewed by Paul McCarthy)

  • Permit to_xml() methods to pass keyword arguments to xml.etree.ElementTree.tostring() (pr/1258) (CM)

  • Allow user expansion (e.g., ~/...) in strings passed to functions that accept paths (pr/1260) (Reinder Vos de Wael, reviewed by CM)

  • Expand CIFTI-2 brain structures to permit synonyms (pr/1256) (CM, reviewed by Mathias Goncalves)

  • Annotate SpatialImage as accepting affine=None argument (pr/1253) (Blake Dewey, reviewed by CM)

  • Warn on invalid MINC2 spacing declarations, treat as missing (pr/1237) (Peter Suter, reviewed by CM)

  • Refactor find_private_section() for improved readability and maintainability (pr/1228) (MB, reviewed by CM)

Bug fixes

  • Resolve test failure related to randomly generated invalid case (pr/1221) (CM)


  • Remove references to NiPy data packages from documentation (pr/1275) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM, MB)


  • Quality of life improvements for CI, including color output and OIDC publishing (pr/1282) (CM)

  • Patch for NumPy 2.0 pre-release compatibility (pr/1250) (Mathieu Scheltienne and EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Add spellchecking to tox, CI and pre-commit (pr/1266) (CM)

  • Add py312-dev-x64 environment to Tox to test NumPy 2.0 pre-release compatibility (pr/1267) (CM, reviewed by EL)

  • Resurrect tox configuration to cover development workflows and CI checks (pr/1262) (CM)

  • Updates for Python 3.12 support (pr/1247, pr/1261, pr/1273) (CM)

  • Remove uses of deprecated numpy.compat.py3k module (pr/1243) (Eric Larson, reviewed by CM)

  • Various fixes for typos and style issues detected by Codespell, pyupgrade and refurb (pr/1263, pr/1269, pr/1270, pr/1271, pr/1276) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM)

  • Use stable argsorts in PARREC tests to ensure consistent behavior on systems with AVX512 SIMD instructions and numpy 1.25 (pr/1234) (CM)

  • Resolve CodeCov submission failures (pr/1224) (CM)

  • Link to logo with full URL to avoid broken links in PyPI (pr/1218) (CM, reviewed by Zvi Baratz)

API changes and deprecations

  • The nibabel.pydicom_compat module is deprecated and will be removed in NiBabel 7.0. (pr/1280)

  • The int_to_float() and as_int() functions are no longer needed to work around NumPy deficiencies and have been deprecated (pr/1272) (CM, reviewed by EL)

5.1.0 (Monday 3 April 2023)

New feature release in the 5.1.x series.


Bug fixes

  • Require explicit overrides to write GIFTI files that contain data arrays with data types not permitted by the GIFTI standard (pr/1199) (CM, reviewed by Alexis Thual)


  • Move compression detection logic into a private nibabel._compression module, resolving unexpected errors from pyzstd. (pr/1212) (CM)

  • Improved consistency of docstring formatting (pr/1200) (Zvi Baratz, reviewed by CM)

  • Modernized README text (pr/1195) (Zvi Baratz, reviewed by CM)

  • Updated README badges to include package distributions (pr/1192) (Horea Christian, reviewed by CM)

  • Removed all dependencies on distutils and setuptools (pr/1190) (CM, reviewed by Zvi Baratz)

  • Add a _version.pyi stub to allow mypy to run without building nibabel (pr/1210) (CM)

5.0.1 (Sunday 12 February 2023)

Bug-fix release in the 5.0.x series.

Bug fixes


  • Add py.typed to module root to enable use of types in downstream projects (CM, reviewed by Fernando Pérez-Garcia)

  • Cache git-archive separately from Python packages in GitHub Actions (pr/1186) (CM, reviewed by Zvi Baratz)

5.0.0 (Monday 9 January 2023)

New feature release in the 5.0.x series.

New features


  • Support multiline header fields in TCKFile (pr/1175) (CM, reviewed by Matt Cieslak)

  • Make layout order an initialization parameter of ArrayProxy (pr/1131) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Initial support for type annotations. (pr/1115, pr/1178) (CM, reviewed by Zvi Baratz)

Bug fixes

  • Handle extension/file-format mismatches implemented incompletely in pr/1013 (pr/1138) (CM, reviewed by Thomas Phil)

  • Improve handling of invalid TCK files, which could sometimes cause an infinite loop (pr/1140) (Anibal Solon, reviewed by CM)

  • Clean up ECAT test case that left filehandle open and failed to use class variables (pr/1155) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM)


  • Simplify TCK reading code by assuming files are open in binary mode (pr/1142) (Anibal Solon, reviewed by MC, CM)

  • Code support for tests covering deprecated functionality (pr/1159) (CM)

  • Miscellaneous code cleanups (pr/1148, pr/1149, pr/1153, pr/1154, pr/1156) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM)

  • Update CI to build, test and deploy PyPI artifacts (pr/1134) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Transition from setup.cfg to pyproject.toml package configuration (pr/1133) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Addressed race conditions preventing running tests with pytest-xdist. (pr/1157, pr/1158) (CM, reviewed by Christian Haselgrove)

  • Apply blue and isort auto-formatters and provide pre-commit configuration to reduce human burden of style guidelines. (pr/1124, pr/1165, pr/1169) (CM and Zvi Baratz)

  • Manage versioning with setuptools_scm (pr/1171) (CM, reviewed by Zvi Baratz)

  • Reduce installed package size by excluding very large test file (pr/1176) (CM, reviewed by Zvi Baratz)

API changes and deprecations

4.0.2 (Wednesday 31 August 2022)

Bug-fix release in the 4.0.x series.

Bug fixes

  • Make a list proxy, deprecate (pr/1127) (CM, reviewed by Hao-Ting Wang)


  • Finalize deprecation of ArrayWriter.to_fileobj(nan2zero=...) argument (pr/1126) (CM)

4.0.1 (Saturday 18 June 2022)

Bug-fix release in the 4.0.x series.

Bug fixes

  • Finalize 4.0 deprecations, converting tests expecting DeprecationWarning to expected ExpiredDeprecationError (pr/1117) (CM)


  • Suppress new numpy warning on nan-to-int cast (pr/1118) (CM, reviewed by MB)

4.0.0 (Saturday 18 June 2022)

New feature release in the 4.0.x series.

New features

  • nib-convert CLI tool to make image type and data dtype conversion accessible via the command line. (pr/1113) (CM, reviewed by Ariel Rokem)

  • Add 'mask', 'compat' and 'smallest' dtype aliases to NIfTI images to allow for dtype specifications that can depend on the contents of the data. 'mask' is a synonym for uint8. 'compat' will find the nearest Analyze-compatible (therefore widely supported) dtype that will not truncate the data. 'smallest' attempts to find the smallest integer dtype that will contain the data. (pr/1096) (CM, reviewed by Chris Rorden and Josh Teves)

  • Add dtype arguments to Cifti2Image (pr/1111) (CM)

  • Allow dtypes to be passed to Analyze-like images at __init__() and to_filename() to provide better control over output images. (pr/1082) (CM, following discussions with Chris Rorden, Josh Teves, Jerome Dockes, and MB)

  • Allow compressed GIFTI images (MB, reviewed by CM)

  • Add zstd compression support (pr/1005) (Andrew Van, reviewed by CM)

  • Support ExternalFileBinary GIFTI data arrays (PM, reviewed by CM)


  • Document InTemporaryDirectory as non-thread-safe (pr/1103) (Jacob Roberts, reviewed by MB)

  • Unify Caret-XML-style metadata structure (GiftiMetaData, Cifti2MetaData) as dict-like (pr/1091) (CM, reviewed by Josh Teves and Hao-Ting Wang)

  • Add __repr__ methods to GIFTI objects (pr/1092) (CM, reviewed by Josh Teves and Hao-Ting Wang)

  • Create gzip header deterministically by default (pr/1024) (CM, reviewed by YOH)

  • Provide clear error message when files with zip extensions don’t match file contents (pr/1013) (Jérôme Dockès, reviewed by CM)

Bug fixes

  • Re-import externals/ from scipy to resolve numpy API change (pr/1110) (CM)

  • Resize without helper function to avoid reference increment (pr/1093) (MC, reviewed by CM)


  • Update submodule URLs to use https over git protocol (pr/1097) (CM)

  • Published BIAP 9: CoordinateImage API (pr/1084) (CM)

  • Drop uses of deprecated distutils (pr/1073) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Suppress LGTM false alarm “Clear-text logging of sensitive information” (pr/1052) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM)

  • Test on Python 3.10 (pr/1047) (CM)

  • Fix typos found by codespell (pr/1040, pr/1044) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM)

  • Run stable tests weekly, pre-release tests nightly (pr/1025) (CM)

  • Documentation updates to establish/clarify governance and decision making (pr/1019, pr/1020, pr/1022, pr/1018, pr/1017, pr/1016) (MB and CM)

API changes and deprecations

  • Writing NIfTIs with 64-bit integer dtypes is getting harder. Passing (u)int64 arrays to Nifti1Image and subclasses will warn unless a header or dtype option is passed; in the future this will become an error. Additionally, passing int or 'int' to set_data_dtype() now raises an error, requiring an explicit numpy dtype to make 64-bit integer images. (pr/1082) (CM, following discussions with Chris Rorden, Josh Teves, Jerome Dockes, and MB)

  • Drop support for Python 3.6, Numpy < 1.17 (pr/1079) (CM)

  • Fully removed the following APIs, which have raised errors on use since 3.0 (pr/980) (CM, reviewed by Jonathan Daniel)

    • nibabel.trackvis

    • nibabel.volumeutils.calculate_scale

    • nibabel.volumeutils.can_cast

    • nibabel.volumeutils.scale_min_max

    • nibabel.dataobj_images.DataobjImage.get_shape

    • nibabel.minc1.MincImage (use Minc1Image)

    • nibabel.minc1.MincFile (use Minc1File)

    • nibabel.filebasedimages.FileBasedImage.from_files

    • nibabel.filebasedimages.FileBasedImage.filespec_to_files

    • nibabel.filebasedimages.FileBasedImage.to_filespec

    • nibabel.filebasedimages.FileBasedImage.to_files

    • nibabel.arrayproxy.ArrayProxy.header

    • keep_file_open=="auto" parameter to load method (now must be boolean)

3.2.2 (Monday 7 February 2022)

Bug fix release in the 3.2.x series.

Bug fixes

  • Reshape CIFTI-2 affines to 4x4 when encoded as row-major sequence (pr/1059) (Andrew Van, reviewed by CM)

  • Suggest on calls to deprecated giftiio.write() (pr/1055) (Anibal Solon, reviewed by CM)

  • Various bugs and style issues detected by LGTM (pr/1043, pr/1048) (Dimitri Papadopoulos, reviewed by CM)

  • Resolve unclosed file warning in GiftiImage (pr/1038) (Lea Waller, reviewed by CM)

  • Fix typos preventing deprecation warnings from being raised (pr/991) (Jonathan Daniel, reviewed by MB)

  • Work around numpy SystemError to maintain expected error types (pr/1051) (CM)

  • Use more constrained mock when testing optpkg (pr/983) (CM, reviewed by YOH)


  • Add setuptools requirement to match usage (pr/1009) (Tomáš Hrnčiar, reviewed by CM)

  • Fix grammar of headings in CoC (pr/996) (MB, reviewed by CM, Ariel Rokem)

  • Set minimum pydicom to 1.0.0 (pr/1050) (CM)

  • Submit coverage to codecov via pinned PyPI package (pr/1008) (CM)

  • Upgrade versioneer to 0.19 (pr/967) (CM)

  • Migrate to GitHub actions (pr/972) (CM, reviewed by Serge Koudoro)

3.2.1 (Saturday 28 November 2020)

Bug fix release in the 3.2.x series.


  • Drop references to builtin types in Numpy namespace like np.float (pr/964) (EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Ensure compatibility with Python 3.9 (pr/963) (CM)

3.2.0 (Tuesday 20 October 2020)

New feature release in the 3.2.x series.

New features

  • nib-stats CLI tool to expose new nibabel.imagestats API. Initial implementation of volume calculations, a la fslstats -V. (Julian Klug, reviewed by CM and GitHub user 0rC0)

  • nib-roi CLI tool to crop images and/or flip axes (pr/947) (CM, reviewed by Chris Cheng and Mathias Goncalves)

  • Parser for Siemens “ASCCONV” text format (pr/896) (Brendan Moloney and MB, reviewed by CM)


  • Drop confusing mention of img.to_filename() in getting started guide (pr/946) (Fernando Pérez-Garcia, reviewed by MB, CM)

  • Implement to_bytes()/from_bytes() methods for Cifti2Image (pr/938) (CM, reviewed by Mathias Goncalves)

  • Clean up of DICOM documentation (pr/910) (Jonathan Daniel, reviewed by MB)

Bug fixes

  • Use canvas manager API to set title in OrthoSlicer3D (pr/958) (EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Record units as seconds parrec2nii; previously set TR to seconds but retained msec units (pr/931) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Reflect on-disk dimensions in NIfTI-2 view of CIFTI-2 images (pr/930) (Mathias Goncalves and CM)

  • Fix outdated Python 2 and Sympy code in DICOM derivations (pr/911) (MB, reviewed by CM)

  • Change string with invalid escape to raw string (pr/909) (EL, reviewed by MB)


  • Fix typo in docs (pr/955) (Carl Gauthier, reviewed by CM)

  • Purge nose from nisext tests (pr/934) (Markéta Calábková, reviewed by CM)

  • Suppress expected warnings in tests (pr/949) (CM, reviewed by Dorota Jarecka)

  • Various cleanups and modernizations (pr/916, pr/917, pr/918, pr/919) (Jonathan Daniel, reviewed by CM)

  • SVG logo for improved appearance in with zooming (pr/914) (Jonathan Daniel, reviewed by CM)

API changes and deprecations

  • Drop support for Numpy < 1.13 (pr/922) (CM)

  • Warn on use of onetime.setattr_on_read, which has been a deprecated alias of auto_attr (pr/948) (CM, reviewed by Ariel Rokem)

3.1.1 (Friday 26 June 2020)

Bug-fix release in the 3.1.x series.

These are small compatibility fixes that support ARM64 architecture and indexed_gzip>=1.3.0.

Bug fixes

  • Detect IndexedGzipFile as compressed file type (pr/925) (PM, reviewed by CM)

  • Correctly cast nan when testing array_to_file, fixing ARM64 builds (pr/862) (CM, reviewed by MB)

3.1.0 (Monday 20 April 2020)

New feature release in the 3.1.x series.

New features

  • Conformation function (processing.conform) and CLI tool (nib-conform) to apply shape, orientation and zooms (pr/853) (Jakub Kaczmarzyk, reviewed by CM, YOH)

  • Affine rescaling function (affines.rescale_affine) to update dimensions and voxel sizes (pr/853) (CM, reviewed by Jakub Kaczmarzyk)

Bug fixes

  • Delay import of h5py until needed (pr/889) (YOH, reviewed by CM)


  • Fix typo in documentation (pr/893) (Zvi Baratz, reviewed by CM)

  • Tests converted from nose to pytest (pr/865 + many sub-PRs) (Dorota Jarecka, Krzyzstof Gorgolewski, Roberto Guidotti, Anibal Solon, and Or Duek)

API changes and deprecations

  • kw_only_meth/kw_only_func decorators are deprecated (pr/848) (RM, reviewed by CM)

2.5.2 (Wednesday 8 April 2020)

Bug-fix release in the 2.5.x series. This is an extended-support series, providing bug fixes for Python 2.7 and 3.4.

This and all future releases in the 2.5.x series will be incompatible with Python 3.9. The last compatible series of numpy and scipy are 1.16.x and 1.2.x, respectively.

If you are able to upgrade to Python 3, it is recommended to upgrade to NiBabel 3.

Bug fixes

  • Change strings with invalid escapes to raw strings (pr/827) (EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Re-import externals/ from scipy to resolve numpy deprecation (pr/821) (CM)


  • Set maximum numpy to 1.16.x, maximum scipy to 1.2.x (pr/901) (CM)

3.0.2 (Monday 9 March 2020)

Bug fixes

  • Attempt to find versioneer version when building docs (pr/894) (CM)

  • Delay import of h5py until needed (backport of pr/889) (YOH, reviewed by CM)


  • Fix typo in documentation (backport of pr/893) (Zvi Baratz, reviewed by CM)

  • Set minimum matplotlib to 1.5.3 to ensure wheels are available on all supported Python versions. (backport of pr/887) (CM)

  • Remove pyproject.toml for now. (issue/859) (CM)

3.0.1 (Monday 27 January 2020)

Bug fixes

  • Test failed by using array method on tuple. (pr/860) (Ben Darwin, reviewed by CM)

  • Validate ExpiredDeprecationErrors, promoted by 3.0 release from DeprecationWarnings. (pr/857) (CM)


  • Remove logic accommodating numpy without float16 types. (pr/866) (CM)

  • Accommodate new numpy dtype strings. (pr/858) (CM)

3.0.0 (Wednesday 18 December 2019)

New features

  • ArrayProxy __array__() now accepts a dtype parameter, allowing numpy.array(dataobj, dtype=...) calls, as well as casting directly with a dtype (for example, numpy.float32(dataobj)) to control the output type. Scale factors (slope, intercept) are applied, but may be cast to narrower types, to control memory usage. This is now the basis of img.get_fdata(), which will scale data in single precision if the output type is float32. (pr/844) (CM, reviewed by Alejandro de la Vega, Ross Markello)

  • GiftiImage method agg_data() to return usable data arrays (pr/793) (Hao-Ting Wang, reviewed by CM)

  • Accept os.PathLike objects in place of filenames (pr/610) (Cameron Riddell, reviewed by MB, CM)

  • Function to calculate obliquity of affines (pr/815) (Oscar Esteban, reviewed by MB)


  • Improve testing of data scaling in ArrayProxy API (pr/847) (CM, reviewed by Alejandro de la Vega)

  • Document SpatialImage.slicer interface (pr/846) (CM)

  • get_fdata(dtype=np.float32) will attempt to avoid casting data to np.float64 when scaling parameters would otherwise promote the data type unnecessarily. (pr/833) (CM, reviewed by Ross Markello)

  • ArraySequence now supports a large set of Python operators to combine or update in-place. (pr/811) (MC, reviewed by Serge Koudoro, Philippe Poulin, CM, MB)

  • Warn, rather than fail, on DICOMs with unreadable Siemens CSA tags (pr/818) (Henry Braun, reviewed by CM)

  • Improve clarity of coordinate system tutorial (pr/823) (Egor Panfilov, reviewed by MB)

Bug fixes

  • Sliced Tractograms no longer apply_affine to the original Tractogram’s streamlines. (pr/811) (MC, reviewed by Serge Koudoro, Philippe Poulin, CM, MB)

  • Change strings with invalid escapes to raw strings (pr/827) (EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Re-import externals/ from scipy to resolve numpy deprecation (pr/821) (CM)


  • Remove replicated metadata for packaged data from (pr/845) (CM)

  • Support Python >=3.5.1, including Python 3.8.0 (pr/787) (CM)

  • Manage versioning with slightly customized Versioneer (pr/786) (CM)

  • Reference Nipy Community Code and Nibabel Developer Guidelines in GitHub community documents (pr/778) (CM, reviewed by MB)

API changes and deprecations

  • Fully remove deprecated checkwarns and minc modules. (pr/852) (CM)

  • The keep_file_open argument to file load operations and ArrayProxys no longer accepts the value "auto", raising a ValueError. (pr/852) (CM)

  • Deprecate in favor of ArraySequence.get_data(), which will return a copy. now returns a read-only view. (pr/811) (MC, reviewed by Serge Koudoro, Philippe Poulin, CM, MB)

  • Deprecate DataobjImage.get_data() API, to be removed in nibabel 5.0 (pr/794, pr/809) (CM, reviewed by MB)

2.5.1 (Monday 23 September 2019)


  • Ignore endianness in nib-diff if values match (pr/799) (YOH, reviewed by CM)

Bug fixes

  • Correctly handle Philips DICOMs w/ derived volume (pr/795) (Mathias Goncalves, reviewed by CM)

  • Raise CSA tag limit to 1000, parametrize for future relaxing (pr/798, backported to 2.5.x in pr/800) (Henry Braun, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Coerce data types to match NIfTI intent codes when writing GIFTI data arrays (pr/806) (CM, reported by Tom Holroyd)


  • Require h5py 2.10 for Windows + Python < 3.6 to resolve unexpected dtypes in Minc2 data (pr/804) (CM, reviewed by YOH)

API changes and deprecations

  • Deprecate nicom.dicomwrappers.Wrapper.get_affine() in favor of affine property; final removal in nibabel 4.0 (pr/796) (YOH, reviewed by CM)

2.5.0 (Sunday 4 August 2019)

The 2.5.x series is the last with support for either Python 2 or Python 3.4. Extended support for this series 2.5 will last through December 2020.

Thanks for the test ECAT file and fix provided by Andrew Crabb.


  • Add SerializableImage class with to/from_bytes methods (pr/644) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Check CIFTI-2 data shape matches shape described by header (pr/774) (Michiel Cottaar, reviewed by CM)

Bug fixes

  • Handle stricter numpy casting rules in tests (pr/768) (CM) reviewed by PM)

  • TRK header fields flipped in files written on big-endian systems (pr/782) (CM, reviewed by YOH, MB)

  • Load multiframe ECAT images with Python 3 (CM and Andrew Crabb)


  • Fix CodeCov paths on Appveyor for more accurate coverage (pr/769) (CM)

  • Move to setuptools and reduce use nisext functions (pr/764) (CM, reviewed by YOH)

  • Better handle test setup/teardown (pr/785) (CM, reviewed by YOH)

API changes and deprecations

  • Effect threatened warnings and set some deprecation timelines (pr/755) (CM) * Trackvis methods now default to v2 formats * nibabel.trackvis scheduled for removal in nibabel 4.0 * nibabel.minc and nibabel.MincImage will be removed in nibabel 3.0

2.4.1 (Monday 27 May 2019)

Contributions from Egor Pafilov, Jath Palasubramaniam, Richard Nemec, and Dave Allured.


  • Enable mmap, keep_file_open options when loading any DataobjImage (pr/759) (CM, reviewed by PM)

Bug fixes

  • Ensure loaded GIFTI files expose writable data arrays (pr/750) (CM, reviewed by PM)

  • Safer warning registry manipulation when checking for overflows (pr/753) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Correctly write .annot files with duplicate labels (pr/763) (Richard Nemec with CM)


  • Fix typo in coordinate systems doc (pr/751) (Egor Panfilov, reviewed by CM)

  • Replace invalid MINC1 test file with fixed file (pr/754) (Dave Allured with CM)

  • Update Sphinx config to support recent Sphinx/numpydoc (pr/749) (CM, reviewed by PM)

  • Pacify FutureWarning and DeprecationWarning from h5py, numpy (pr/760) (CM)

  • Accommodate Python 3.8 deprecation of collections.MutableMapping (pr/762) (Jath Palasubramaniam, reviewed by CM)

API changes and deprecations

  • Deprecate keep_file_open == 'auto' (pr/761) (CM, reviewed by PM)

2.4.0 (Monday 1 April 2019)

New features

  • Alternative Axis-based interface for manipulating CIFTI-2 headers (pr/641) (Michiel Cottaar, reviewed by Demian Wassermann, CM, SG)


  • Accept TCK files produced by tools with other delimiter/EOF defaults (pr/720) (Soichi Hayashi, reviewed by CM, MB, MC)

  • Allow BrainModels or Parcels to contain a single vertex in CIFTI (pr/739) (Michiel Cottaar, reviewed by CM)

  • Support for NIFTI_XFORM_TEMPLATE_OTHER xform code (pr/743) (CM)

Bug fixes

  • Skip refcheck in ArraySequence construction/extension (pr/719) (Ariel Rokem, reviewed by CM, MC)

  • Use safe resizing for ArraySequence extension (pr/724) (CM, reviewed by MC)

  • Fix typo in error message (pr/726) (Jon Haitz Legarreta Gorroño, reviewed by CM)

  • Support DICOM slice sorting in Python 3 (pr/728) (Samir Reddigari, reviewed by CM)

  • Correctly reorient dim_info when reorienting NIfTI images (Konstantinos Raktivan, CM, reviewed by CM)


  • Import updates to reduce upstream deprecation warnings (pr/711, pr/705, pr/738) (EL, YOH, reviewed by CM)

  • Delay import of nibabel.testing, nose and mock to speed up import (pr/699) (CM)

  • Increase coverage testing, drop coveralls (pr/722, pr/732) (CM)

  • Add Zenodo metadata, sorted by commits (pr/732) (CM + others)

  • Update author listing and copyrights (pr/742) (MB, reviewed by CM)

2.3.3 (Wednesday 16 January 2019)


  • Restore six dependency (pr/714) (CM, reviewed by Gael Varoquaux, MB)

2.3.2 (Wednesday 2 January 2019)


  • Enable toggling crosshair with Ctrl-x in OrthoSlicer3D viewer (pr/701) (Miguel Estevan Moreno, reviewed by CM)

Bug fixes

  • Read .PAR files corresponding to ADC maps (pr/685) (Gregory R. Lee, reviewed by CM)

  • Increase maximum number of items read from Siemens CSA format (Igor Solovey, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Check boolean dtypes with numpy.issubdtype(..., np.bool_) (pr/707) (Jon Haitz Legarreta Gorroño, reviewed by CM)


  • Fix small typos in parrec2nii help text (pr/682) (Thomas Roos, reviewed by MB)

  • Remove deprecated calls to numpy.asscalar (pr/686) (CM, reviewed by Gregory R. Lee)

  • Update QA directives to accommodate Flake8 3.6 (pr/695) (CM)

  • Update DOI links to use (pr/703) (Katrin Leinweber, reviewed by CM)

  • Remove deprecated calls to numpy.fromstring (pr/700) (Ariel Rokem, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Drop distutils support, require bz2file for Python 2.7 (pr/700) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Replace mutable bytes hack, disabled in numpy pre-release, with bytearray/readinto strategy (pr/700) (Ariel Rokem, CM, reviewed by CM, MB)

API changes and deprecations

  • Add Opener.readinto method to read file contents into pre-allocated buffers (pr/700) (Ariel Rokem, reviewed by CM, MB)

2.3.1 (Tuesday 16 October 2018)

New features

  • nib-diff command line tool for comparing image files (pr/617, pr/672, pr/678) (CC, reviewed by YOH, Pradeep Raamana and CM)


  • Speed up reading of numeric arrays in CIFTI2 (pr/655) (Michiel Cottaar, reviewed by CM)

  • Add ndim property to ArrayProxy and DataobjImage (pr/674) (CM, reviewed by MB)

Bug fixes

  • Deterministic deduction of slice ordering in degenerate cases (pr/647) (YOH, reviewed by CM)

  • Allow 0ms TR in MGH files (pr/653) (EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Allow for PPC64 little-endian long doubles (pr/658) (MB, reviewed by CM)

  • Correct construction of FreeSurfer annotation labels (pr/666) (CM, reviewed by EL, Paul D. McCarthy)

  • Fix logic for persisting filehandles with indexed-gzip (pr/679) (Paul D. McCarthy, reviewed by CM)


  • Fix semantic error in coordinate systems documentation (pr/646) (Ariel Rokem, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Test on Python 3.7, minor associated fixes (pr/651) (CM, reviewed by Gregory R. Lee, MB)

2.3 (Tuesday 12 June 2018)

New features

  • TRK <=> TCK streamlines conversion CLI tools (pr/606) (MC, reviewed by CM)

  • Image slicing for SpatialImages (pr/550) (CM)


  • Simplfiy MGHImage and add footer fields (pr/569) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Force sform/qform codes to be ints, rather than numpy types (pr/575) (Paul McCarthy, reviewed by MB, CM)

  • Auto-fill color table in FreeSurfer annotation file (pr/592) (PM, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Set default intent code for CIFTI2 images (pr/604) (Mathias Goncalves, reviewed by CM, SG, MB, Tim Coalson)

  • Raise informative error on empty files (pr/611) (Pradeep Raamana, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Accept degenerate filenames such as .nii (pr/621) (Dimitri Papadopoulos-Orfanos, reviewed by Yaroslav Halchenko)

  • Take advantage of IndexedGzipFile drop_handles flag to release filehandles by default (pr/614) (PM, reviewed by CM, MB)

Bug fixes

  • Preserve first point of LazyTractogram (pr/588) (MC, reviewed by Nil Goyette, CM, MB)

  • Stop adding extraneous metadata padding (pr/593) (Jon Stutters, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Accept lower-case orientation codes in TRK files (pr/600) (Kesshi Jordan, MB, reviewed by MB, MC, CM)

  • Annotation file reading (pr/592) (PM, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Fix buffer size calculation in ArraySequence (pr/597) (Serge Koudoro, reviewed by MC, MB, Eleftherios Garyfallidis, CM)

  • Resolve UnboundLocalError in Python 3 (pr/607) (Jakub Kaczmarzyk, reviewed by MB, CM)

  • Do not crash on non-ImportError failures in optional imports (pr/618) (Yaroslav Halchenko, reviewed by CM)

  • Return original array from get_fdata for array image, if no cast required (pr/638, MB, reviewed by CM)


  • Use SSH address to use key-based auth (pr/587) (CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Fix doctests for numpy 1.14 array printing (pr/591) (MB, reviewed by CM)

  • Refactor for pydicom 1.0 API changes (pr/599) (MB, reviewed by CM)

  • Increase test coverage, remove unreachable code (pr/602) (CM, reviewed by Yaroslav Halchenko, MB)

  • Move nib-ls and other programs to a new cmdline module (pr/601, pr/615) (Chris Cheng, reviewed by MB, Yaroslav Halchenko)

  • Remove deprecated numpy indexing (EL, reviewed by CM)

  • Update documentation to encourage get_fdata over get_data (pr/637, MB, reviewed by CM)

API changes and deprecations

  • Support for keep_file_open = 'auto' as a parameter to Opener() will be deprecated in 2.4, for removal in 3.0. Accordingly, support for openers.KEEP_FILE_OPEN_DEFAULT = 'auto' will be dropped on the same schedule.

  • Drop-in support for indexed_gzip < 0.7 has been removed.

2.2.1 (Wednesday 22 November 2017)

Bug fixes

  • Set L/R labels in orthoview correctly (pr/564) (CM)

  • Defer use of ufunc / memmap test - allows “freezing” (pr/572) (MB, reviewed by SG)

  • Fix doctest failures with pre-release numpy (pr/582) (MB, reviewed by CM)


  • Update documentation around NIfTI qform/sform codes (pr/576) (PM, reviewed by MB, CM) + (pr/580) (Bennet Fauber, reviewed by PM)

  • Skip precision test on macOS, newer numpy (pr/583) (MB, reviewed by CM)

  • Simplify AppVeyor script, removing conda (pr/584) (MB, reviewed by CM)

2.2 (Friday 13 October 2017)

New features

  • CIFTI support (pr/249) (SG, Michiel Cottaar, BC, CM, Demian Wassermann, MB)

  • Support for MRtrix TCK streamlines file format (pr/486) (MC, reviewed by MB, Arnaud Bore, J-Donald Tournier, Jean-Christophe Houde)

  • Added get_fdata() as default method to retrieve scaled floating point data from DataobjImages (pr/551) (MB, reviewed by CM, SG)


  • Support for alternative header field name variants in .PAR files (pr/507) (Gregory R. Lee)

  • Various enhancements to streamlines API by MC: support for reading TRK version 1 (pr/512); concatenation of tractograms using +/+= operators (pr/495); function to concatenate multiple ArraySequence objects (pr/494)

  • Support for numpy 1.12 (pr/500, pr/502) (MC, MB)

  • Allow dtype specifiers as fileslice input (pr/485) (MB)

  • Support “headerless” ArrayProxy specification, enabling memory-efficient ArrayProxy reshaping (pr/521) (CM)

  • Allow unknown NIfTI intent codes, add FSL codes (pr/528) (PM)

  • Improve error handling for img.__getitem__ (pr/533) (Ariel Rokem)

  • Delegate reorientation to SpatialImage classes (pr/544) (Mark Hymers, CM, reviewed by MB)

  • Enable using indexed_gzip to reduce memory usage when reading from gzipped NIfTI and MGH files (pr/552) (PM, reviewed by MB, CM)

Bug fixes

  • Miscellaneous MINC reader fixes (pr/493) (Robert D. Vincent, reviewed by CM, MB)

  • Fix corner case in wrapstruct.get (pr/516) (PM, reviewed by CM, MB)


  • Fix documentation errors (pr/517, pr/536) (Fernando Perez, Venky Reddy)

  • Documentation update (pr/514) (Ivan Gonzalez)

  • Update testing to use pre-release builds of dependencies (pr/509) (MB)

  • Better warnings when nibabel not on path (pr/503) (MB)

API changes and deprecations

  • header argument to ArrayProxy.__init__ is renamed to spec

  • Deprecation of header property of ArrayProxy object, for removal in 3.0

  • wrapstruct.get now returns entries evaluating False, instead of None

  • DataobjImage.get_data to be deprecated April 2018, scheduled for removal April 2020

2.1 (Monday 22 August 2016)

New features

  • New API for managing streamlines and their different file formats. This adds a new module nibabel.streamlines that will eventually deprecate the current trackvis reader found in nibabel.trackvis (pr/391) (MC, reviewed by Jean-Christophe Houde, Bago Amirbekian, Eleftherios Garyfallidis, Samuel St-Jean, MB);

  • A prototype image viewer using matplotlib (pr/404) (EL, based on a proto-prototype by Paul Ivanov) (Reviewed by Gregory R. Lee, MB);

  • Functions for image resampling and smoothing using scipy ndimage (pr/255) (MB, reviewed by EL, BC);

  • Add ability to write FreeSurfer morphology data (pr/414) (CM, BC, reviewed by BC);

  • Read and write support for DICOM tags in NIfTI Extended Header using pydicom (pr/296) (Eric Kastman).


  • Extensions to FreeSurfer module to fix reading and writing of FreeSurfer geometry data (pr/460) (Alexandre Gramfort, Jaakko Leppäkangas, reviewed by EL, CM, MB);

  • Various improvements to PAR / REC handling by Gregory R. Lee: supporting multiple TR values (pr/429); output of volume labels (pr/427); fix for some diffusion files (pr/426); option for more sophisticated sorting of volumes (pr/409);

  • Original trackvis reader will now allow final streamline to have fewer points than the number declared in the header, with strict=False argument to read function;

  • Helper function to return voxel sizes from an affine matrix (pr/413);

  • Fixes to DICOM multiframe reading to avoid assumptions on the position of the multiframe index (pr/439) (Eric M. Baker);

  • More robust handling of “CSA” private information in DICOM files (pr/393) (Brendan Moloney);

  • More explicit error when trying to read image from non-existent file (pr/455) (Ariel Rokem);

  • Extension to nib-ls command to show image statistics (pr/437) and other header files (pr/348) (Yarik Halchenko).

Bug fixes

  • Fixes to rotation order to generate affine matrices of PAR / REC files (MB, Gregory R Lee).


  • Dropped support for Pythons 2.6 and 3.2;

  • Comprehensive refactor and generalization of surface / GIFTI file support with improved API and extended tests (pr/352-355, pr/360, pr/365, pr/403) (BC, reviewed by CM, MB);

  • Refactor of image classes (pr/328, pr/329) (BC, reviewed by CM);

  • Better Appveyor testing on new Python versions (pr/446) (Ariel Rokem);

  • Fix shebang lines in scripts for correct install into virtualenvs via pip (pr/434);

  • Various fixes for numpy, matplotlib, and PIL / Pillow compatibility (CM, Ariel Rokem, MB);

  • Improved test framework for warnings (pr/345) (BC, reviewed by CM, MB);

  • New decorator to specify start and end versions for deprecation warnings (MB, reviewed by CM);

  • Write qform affine matrix to NIfTI images output by parrec2nii (pr/478) (Jasper J.F. van den Bosch, reviewed by Gregory R. Lee, MB).

API changes and deprecations

  • Minor API breakage in original (rather than new) trackvis reader. We are now raising a DataError if there are too few streamlines in the file, instead of a HeaderError. We are raising a DataError if the track is truncated when strict=True (the default), rather than a TypeError when trying to create the points array.

  • Change sform code that parrec2nii script writes to NIfTI images; change from 2 (“aligned”) to 1 (“scanner”);

  • Deprecation of get_header, get_affine method of image objects for removal in version 4.0;

  • Removed broken from_filespec method from image objects, and deprecated from_filespec method of ECAT image objects for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of class_map instance in imageclasses module in favor of new image class attributes, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of ext_map instance in imageclasses module in favor of new image loading API, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of Header class in favor of SpatialHeader, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of BinOpener class in favor of more generic Opener class, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of GiftiMetadata methods get_metadata and get_rgba; GiftiDataArray methods get_metadata, get_labeltable, set_labeltable; GiftiImage methods get_meta, set_meta. All these deprecated in favor of corresponding properties, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of giftiio read and write functions in favor of nibabel load and save functions, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of gifti.data_tag function, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of write-access to GiftiDataArray.num_dim, and new error when trying to set invalid values for num_dim. We will remove write-access in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of GiftiDataArray.from_array in favor of GiftiDataArray constructor, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of GiftiDataArray to_xml_open, to_xml_close methods in favor of to_xml method, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of parse_gifti_fast.Outputter class in favor of GiftiImageParser, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of parse_gifti_fast.parse_gifti_file function in favor of GiftiImageParser.parse method, for removal in 4.0;

  • Deprecation of loadsave functions guessed_image_type and which_analyze_type, in favor of new API where each image class tests the file for compatibility during load, for removal in 4.0.

2.0.2 (Monday 23 November 2015)

  • Fix for integer overflow on large images (pr/325) (MB);

  • Fix for Freesurfer nifti files with unusual dimensions (pr/332) (Chris Markiewicz);

  • Fix typos on benchmarks and tests (pr/336, pr/340, pr/347) (Chris Markiewicz);

  • Fix Windows install script (pr/339) (MB);

  • Support for Python 3.5 (pr/363) (MB) and numpy 1.10 (pr/358) (Chris Markiewicz);

  • Update pydicom imports to permit version 1.0 (pr/379) (Chris Markiewicz);

  • Workaround for Python 3.5.0 gzip regression (pr/383) (Ben Cipollini).

  • tripwire.TripWire object now raises subclass of AttributeError when trying to get an attribute, rather than a direct subclass of Exception. This prevents Python 3.5 triggering the tripwire when doing inspection prior to running doctests.

  • Minor API change for tripwire.TripWire object; code that checked for AttributeError will now also catch TripWireError.

2.0.1 (Saturday 27 June 2015)

Contributions from Ben Cipollini, Chris Markiewicz, Alexandre Gramfort, Clemens Bauer, github user freec84.

  • Bugfix release with minor new features;

  • Added axis parameter to concat_images (pr/298) (Ben Cipollini);

  • Fix for unsigned integer data types in ECAT images (pr/302) (MB, test data and issue report from Github user freec84);

  • Added new ECAT and Freesurfer data files to automated testing;

  • Fix for Freesurfer labels error on early numpies (pr/307) (Alexandre Gramfort);

  • Fixes for PAR / REC header parsing (pr/312) (MB, issue reporting and test data by Clemens C. C. Bauer);

  • Workaround for reading Freesurfer ico7 surface files (pr/315) (Chris Markiewicz);

  • Changed to github pages for doc hosting;

  • Changed docs to point to mailing list.

2.0.0 (Tuesday 9 December 2014)

This release had large contributions from Eric Larson, Brendan Moloney, Nolan Nichols, Basile Pinsard, Chris Johnson and Nikolaas N. Oosterhof.

  • New feature, bugfix release with minor API breakage;

  • Minor API breakage: default write of NIfTI / Analyze image data offset value. The data offset is the number of bytes from the beginning of file to skip before reading the image data. Nibabel behavior changed from keeping the value as read from file, to setting the offset to zero on read, and setting the offset when writing the header. The value of the offset will now be the minimum value necessary to make room for the header and any extensions when writing the file. You can override the default offset by setting value explicitly to some value other than zero. To read the original data offset as read from the header, use the offset property of the image dataobj attribute;

  • Minor API breakage: data scaling in NIfTI / Analyze now set to NaN when reading images. Data scaling refers to the data intercept and slope values in the NIfTI / Analyze header. To read the original data scaling you need to look at the slope and inter properties of the image dataobj attribute. You can set scaling explicitly by setting the slope and intercept values in the header to values other than NaN;

  • New API for managing image caching; images have an in_memory property that is true if the image data has been loaded into cache, or is already an array in memory; get_data has new keyword argument caching to specify whether the cache should be filled by get_data;

  • Images now have properties dataobj, affine, header. We will slowly phase out the get_affine and get_header image methods;

  • The image dataobj can be sliced using an efficient algorithm to avoid reading unnecessary data from disk. This makes it possible to do very efficient reads of single volumes from a time series;

  • NIfTI2 read / write support;

  • Read support for MINC2;

  • Much extended read support for PAR / REC, largely due to work from Eric Larson and Gregory R. Lee on new code, advice and code review. Thanks also to Jeff Stevenson and Bennett Landman for helpful discussion;

  • parrec2nii script outputs images in LAS voxel orientation, which appears to be necessary for compatibility with FSL dtifit / fslview diffusion analysis pipeline;

  • Preliminary support for Philips multiframe DICOM images (thanks to Nolan Nichols, Ly Nguyen and Brendan Moloney);

  • New function to save Freesurfer annotation files (by Github user ohinds);

  • Method to return MGH format vox2ras_tkr affine (Eric Larson);

  • A new API for reading unscaled data from NIfTI and other images, using img.dataobj.get_unscaled(). Deprecate previous way of doing this, which was to read data with the read_img_data function;

  • Fix for bug when replacing NaN values with zero when writing floating point data as integers. If the input floating point data range did not include zero, then NaN would not get written to a value corresponding to zero in the output;

  • Improvements and bug fixes to image orientation calculation and DICOM wrappers by Brendan Moloney;

  • Bug fixes writing GIfTI files. We were using a base64 encoding that didn’t match the spec, and the wrong field name for the endian code. Thanks to Basile Pinsard and Russ Poldrack for diagnosis and fixes;

  • Bug fix in freesurfer.read_annot with orig_ids=False when annot contains vertices with no label (Alexandre Gramfort);

  • More tutorials in the documentation, including introductory tutorial on DICOM, and on coordinate systems;

  • Lots of code refactoring, including moving to common code-base for Python 2 and Python 3;

  • New mechanism to add images for tests via git submodules.

1.3.0 (Tuesday 11 September 2012)

Special thanks to Chris Johnson, Brendan Moloney and JB Poline.

  • New feature and bugfix release

  • Add ability to write Freesurfer triangle files (Chris Johnson)

  • Relax threshold for detecting rank deficient affines in orientation detection (JB Poline)

  • Fix for DICOM slice normal numerical error (issue #137) (Brendan Moloney)

  • Fix for Python 3 error when writing zero bytes for offset padding

1.2.2 (Wednesday 27 June 2012)

  • Bugfix release

  • Fix longdouble tests for Debian PPC (thanks to Yaroslav Halchecko for finding and diagnosing these errors)

  • Generalize longdouble tests in the hope of making them more robust

  • Disable saving of float128 nifti type unless platform has real IEEE binary128 longdouble type.

1.2.1 (Wednesday 13 June 2012)

Particular thanks to Yaroslav Halchecko for fixes and cleanups in this release.

  • Bugfix release

  • Make compatible with pydicom 0.9.7

  • Refactor, rename nifti diagnostic script to nib-nifti-dx

  • Fix a bug causing an error when analyzing affines for orientation, when the affine contained all 0 columns

  • Add missing dicomfs script to installation list and rename to nib-dicomfs

1.2.0 (Sunday 6 May 2012)

This release had large contributions from Krish Subramaniam, Alexandre Gramfort, Cindee Madison, Félix C. Morency and Christian Haselgrove.

  • New feature and bugfix release

  • Freesurfer format support by Krish Subramaniam and Alexandre Gramfort.

  • ECAT read write support by Cindee Madison and Félix C. Morency.

  • A DICOM fuse filesystem by Christian Haselgrove.

  • Much work on making data scaling on read and write more robust to rounding error and overflow (MB).

  • Import of nipy functions for working with affine transformation matrices.

  • Added methods for working with nifti sform and qform fields by Bago Amirbekian and MB, with useful discussion by Brendan Moloney.

  • Fixes to read / write of RGB analyze images by Bago Amirbekian.

  • Extensions to concat_images by Yannick Schwartz.

  • A new nib-ls script to display information about neuroimaging files, and various other useful fixes by Yaroslav Halchenko.

1.1.0 (Thursday 28 April 2011)

Special thanks to Chris Burns, Jarrod Millman and Yaroslav Halchenko.

  • New feature release

  • Python 3.2 support

  • Substantially enhanced gifti reading support (Stephan Gerhard)

  • Refactoring of trackvis read / write to allow reading and writing of voxel points and mm points in tracks. Deprecate use of negative voxel sizes; set voxel_order field in trackvis header. Thanks to Chris Filo Gorgolewski for pointing out the problem and Ruopeng Wang in the trackvis forum for clarifying the coordinate system of trackvis files.

  • Added routine to give approximate array orientation in form such as ‘RAS’ or ‘LPS’

  • Fix numpy dtype hash errors for numpy 1.2.1

  • Other bug fixes as for 1.0.2

1.0.2 (Thursday 14 April 2011)

  • Bugfix release

  • Make inference of data type more robust to changes in numpy dtype hashing

  • Fix incorrect thresholds in quaternion calculation (thanks to Yarik H for pointing this one out)

  • Make parrec2nii pass over errors more gracefully

  • More explicit checks for missing or None field in trackvis and other classes - thanks to Marc-Alexandre Cote

  • Make logging and error level work as expected - thanks to Yarik H

  • Loading an image does not change qform or sform - thanks to Yarik H

  • Allow 0 for nifti scaling as for spec - thanks to Yarik H

  • now correctly saves single or pair images

1.0.1 (Wednesday 23 Feb 2011)

  • Bugfix release

  • Fix bugs in tests for data package paths

  • Fix leaks of open filehandles when loading images (thanks to Gael Varoquaux for the report)

  • Skip rw tests for SPM images when scipy not installed

  • Fix various windows-specific file issues for tests

  • Fix incorrect reading of byte-swapped trackvis files

  • Workaround for odd numpy dtype comparisons leading to header errors for some loaded images (thanks to Cindee Madison for the report)

1.0.0 (Thursday, 13, Oct 2010)

  • This is the first public release of the NiBabel package.

  • NiBabel is a complete rewrite of the PyNifti package in pure python. It was designed to make the code simpler and easier to work with. Like PyNifti, NiBabel has fairly comprehensive NIfTI read and write support.

  • Extended support for SPM Analyze images, including orientation affines from matlab .mat files.

  • Basic support for simple MINC 1.0 files (MB). Please let us know if you have MINC files that we don’t support well.

  • Support for reading and writing PAR/REC images (MH)

  • parrec2nii script to convert PAR/REC images to NIfTI format (MH)

  • Very preliminary, limited and highly experimental DICOM reading support (MB, Ian Nimmo Smith).

  • Some functions (nibabel.funcs) for basic image shape changes, including the ability to transform to the image with data closest to the canonical image orientation (first axis left-to-right, second back-to-front, third down-to-up) (MB, Jonathan Taylor)

  • Gifti format read and write support (preliminary) (Stephen Gerhard)

  • Added utilities to use nipy-style data packages, by rip then edit of nipy data package code (MB)

  • Some improvements to release support (Jarrod Millman, MB, Fernando Perez)

  • Huge downward step in the quality and coverage by the docs, caused by MB, mostly fixed by a lot of good work by MH.

  • NiBabel will not work with Python < 2.5, and we haven’t even tested it with Python 3. We will get to it soon…

PyNifti releases

Modifications are done by Michael Hanke, if not indicated otherwise. ‘Closes’ statement IDs refer to the Debian bug tracking system and can be queried by visiting the URL:<bug id>

0.20100706.1 (Tue, 6 Jul 2010)

  • Bugfix: NiftiFormat.vx2s() used the qform not the sform. Thanks to Tom Holroyd for reporting.

0.20100412.1 (Mon, 12 Apr 2010)

  • Bugfix: Unfortunate interaction between Python garbage collection and C library caused memory problems. Thanks to Yaroslav Halchenko for the diagnose and fix.

0.20090303.1 (Tue, 3 Mar 2009)

  • Bugfix: Updating the NIfTI header from a dictionary was broken.

  • Bugfix: Removed left-over print statement in extension code.

  • Bugfix: Prevent saving of bogus ‘None.nii’ images when the filename was previously assign, before calling (Closes: #517920).

  • Bugfix: Extension length was to short for all edata whose length matches n*16-8, for all integer n.

0.20090205.1 (Thu, 5 Feb 2009)

  • This release is the first in a series that aims stabilize the API and finally result in PyNIfTI 1.0 with full support of the NIfTI1 standard.

  • The whole package was restructured. The included renaming nifti.nifti(image,format,clibs) to nifti.(image,format,clibs). Redirect modules make sure that existing user code will not break, but they will issue a DeprecationWarning and will be removed with the release of PyNIfTI 1.0.

  • Added a special extension that can embed any serializable Python object into the NIfTI file header. The contents of this extension is automatically expanded upon request into the .meta attribute of each NiftiImage. When saving files to disk the content of the dictionary is also automatically dumped into this extension. Embedded meta data is not loaded automatically, since this has security implications, because code from the file header is actually executed. The documentation explicitly mentions this risk.

  • Added NiftiExtensions. This is a container-like handler to access and manipulate NIfTI1 header extensions.

  • Exposed MemMappedNiftiImage in the root module.

  • Moved cropImage() into the utils module.

  • From now on Sphinx is used to generate the documentation. This includes a module reference that replaces that old API reference.

  • Added methods vx2q() and vx2s() to convert voxel indices into coordinates defined by qform or sform respectively.

  • Updating the cal_min and cal_max values in the NIfTI header when saving a file is now conditional, but remains enabled by default.

  • Full set of methods to query and modify axis units. This includes expanding the previous xyzt_units field in the header dictionary into editable xyz_unit and time_unit fields. The former xyzt_units field is no longer available. See: getXYZUnit(), setXYZUnit(), getTimeUnit(), setTimeUnit(), xyz_unit, time_unit

  • Full set of methods to query and manuipulate qform and sform codes. See: getQFormCode(), setQFormCode(), getSFormCode(), setSFormCode(), qform_code, sform_code

  • Each image instance is now able to generate a human-readable dump of its most important header information via __str__().

  • NiftiImage objects can now be pickled.

  • Switched to NumPy’s distutils for building the package. Cleaned and simplified the build procedure. Added optimization flags to SWIG call.

  • nifti.image.NiftiImage.filename can now also be used to assign a filename.

  • Introduced nifti.__version__ as canonical version string.

  • Removed updateQFormFromQuarternion() from the list of public methods of NiftiFormat. This is an internal method that should not be used in user code. However, a redirect to the new method will remain in-place until PyNIfTI 1.0.

  • Bugfix: getScaledData() returns a unmodified data array if slope is set to zero (as required by the NIfTI standard). Thanks to Thomas Ross for reporting.

  • Bugfix: Unicode filenames are now handled properly, as long as they do not contain pure-unicode characters (since the NIfTI library does not support them). Thanks to Gaël Varoquaux for reporting this issue.

0.20081017.1 (Fri, 17 Oct 2008)

  • Updated included minimal copy of the nifticlibs to version 1.1.0.

  • Few changes to the Makefiles to enhance Posix compatibility. Thanks to Chris Burns.

  • When building on non-Debian systems, only add include and library paths pointing to the local nifticlibs copy, when it is actually built. On Debian system the local copy is still not used at all, as a proper nifticlibs package is guaranteed to be available.

  • Added minimal for setuptools users. Thanks to Gaël Varoquaux.

  • PyNIfTI now does a proper wrapping of the image data with NumPy arrays, which no longer leads to accidental memory leaks, when accessing array data that has not been copied before (e.g. via the data property of NiftiImage). Thanks to Gaël Varoquaux for mentioning this possibility.

0.20080710.1 (Thu, 7 Jul 2008)

  • Bugfix: Pointer bug introduced by switch to new NumPy API in 0.20080624 Thanks to Christopher Burns for fixing it.

  • Bugfix: Honored DeprecationWarning: sync() -> flush() for memory mapped arrays. Again thanks to Christopher Burns.

  • More unit tests and other improvements (e.g. fixed circular imports) done by Christopher Burns.

0.20080630.1 (Tue, 30 Jun 2008)

  • Bugfix: NiftiImage caused a memory leak by not calling the NiftiFormat destructor.

  • Bugfix: Merged bashism-removal patch from Debian packaging.

0.20080624.1 (Tue, 24 Jun 2008)

  • Converted all documentation (including docstrings) into the restructured text format.

  • Improved Makefile.

  • Included configuration and Makefile support for profiling, API doc generation (via epydoc) and code quality checks (with PyLint).

  • Consistently import NumPy as N.

  • Bugfix: Proper handling of [qs]form codes, which previously have not been handled at all. Thanks to Christopher Burns for pointing it out.

  • Bugfix: Make NiftiFormat work without setFilename(). Thanks to Benjamin Thyreau for reporting.

  • Bugfix: setPixDims() stored meaningless values.

  • Use new NumPy API and replace deprecated function calls (PyArray_FromDimsAndData).

  • Initial support for memory mapped access to uncompressed NIfTI files (MemMappedNiftiImage).

  • Add a proper Makefile and setup.cfg for compiling PyNIfTI under Windows with MinGW.

  • Include a minimal copy of the most recent nifticlibs (just libniftiio and znzlib; version 1.0), to lower the threshold to build PyNIfTI on systems that do not provide a developer package for those libraries.

0.20070930.1 (Sun, 30 Sep 2007)

0.20070917.1 (Mon, 17 Sep 2007)

  • Bugfix: Can now update NIfTI header data when no filename is set (Closes: #442175).

  • Unloading of image data without a filename set is no checked and prevented as it would damage data integrity and the image data could not be recovered.

  • Added ‘pixdim’ property (Yaroslav Halchenko).

0.20070905.1 (Wed, 5 Sep 2007)

  • Fixed a bug in the qform/quaternion handling that caused changes to the qform to vanish when saving to file (Yaroslav Halchenko).

  • Added more unit tests.

  • ‘dim’ vector in the NIfTI header is now guaranteed to only contain non-zero elements. This caused problems with some applications.

0.20070803.1 (Fri, 3 Aug 2007)

  • Does not depend on SciPy anymore.

  • Initial steps towards a unittest suite.

  • pynifti_pst can now print the peristimulus signal matrix for a single voxel (onsets x time) for easier processing of this information in external applications.

  • utils.getPeristimulusTimeseries() can now be used to compute mean and variance of the signal (among others).

  • pynifti_pst is able to compute more than just the mean peristimulus timeseries (e.g. variance and standard deviation).

  • Set default image description when saving a file if none is present.

  • Improved documentation.

0.20070425.1 (Wed, 25 Apr 2007)

  • Improved documentation. Added note about the special usage of the header property. Also added notes about the relevant properties in the docstring of the corresponding accessor methods.

  • Added property and accessor methods to access/modify the repetition time of timeseries (dt).

  • Added functions to manipulate the pixdim values.

  • Added with some utility functions.

  • Added functions/property to determine the bounding box of an image.

  • Fixed a bug that caused a corrupted sform matrix when converting a NumPy array and a header dictionary into a NIfTI image.

  • Added script to compute peristimulus timeseries (pynifti_pst).

  • Package now depends on python-scipy.

0.20070315.1 (Thu, 15 Mar 2007)

  • Removed functionality for “ raises an IOError exception when writing the image file fails.” (Yaroslav Halchenko)

  • Added ability to force a filetype when setting the filename or saving a file.

  • Reverse the order of the ‘header’ and ‘load’ argument in the NiftiImage constructor. ‘header’ is now first as it seems to be used more often.

  • Improved the source code documentation.

  • Added getScaledData() method to NiftiImage that returns a copy of the data array that is scaled with the slope and intercept stored in the NIfTI header.

0.20070301.2 (Thu, 1 Mar 2007)

  • Fixed wrong link to the source tarball in README.html.

0.20070301.1 (Thu, 1 Mar 2007)

  • Initial upload to the Debian archive. (Closes: #413049)

  • raises an IOError exception when writing the image file fails.

  • Added extent, volextent, and timepoints properties to NiftiImage class (Yaroslav Halchenko).

0.20070220.1 (Tue, 20 Feb 2007)

  • NiftiFile class is renamed to NiftiImage.

  • SWIG-wrapped libniftiio functions are no available in the nifticlib module.

  • Fixed broken NiftiImage from Numpy array constructor.

  • Added initial documentation in README.html.

  • Fulfilled a number of Yarik’s wishes ;)

0.20070214.1 (Wed, 14 Feb 2007)

  • Does not depend on libfslio anymore.

  • Up to seven-dimensional dataset are supported (as much as NIfTI can do).

  • The complete NIfTI header dataset is modifiable.

  • Most image properties are accessible via class attributes and accessor methods.

  • Improved documentation (but still a long way to go).

0.20061114 (Tue, 14 Nov 2006)

  • Initial release.